In the winter months, we all need to take additional steps to protect ourselves from the cold – warmer clothes, a heavy coat, a hat, mittens, a scarf, and boots with good traction for the snow. It’s also a good idea to protect your car during cold months by winterizing your vehicle before the beginning of the season. This is essential, as cold temperatures make it difficult for engines to work properly, snow limits tire traction and salt causes rust and gravel pits on the exterior paint.
Vehicle Winterization Tips
Consider these car winterization suggestions before the temperature drops:
- Place snow tires on your vehicle
Braking, accelerating and handling are tough to do with worn or high performance tires on slippery roads. Snow tires will increase traction and reduce your chances of slipping on slick surfaces.
- Check your tire pressure
Properly inflated tires ensure the best possible connection between your vehicle and the road, especially in slick conditions. Cold temperatures cause tire air pressure to drop since gases contract when they’re cold.
- Check your four-wheel drive system for malfunctions
Check that your system engages and disengages properly and does not make any unusual noises when you start it. Also, check the gear oil levels and transmission before temperatures get too cold.
- Change the oil in your engine and check the viscosity grade
Viscosity of oil – how thick it is – will change depending on its temperature. The colder oil is, the thicker it will become. Consequently, thick oil does not circulate through an engine as easily as thinner oil during start-up. To reduce the risk of problems with your engine oil, place thinner oil in your engine before the cold weather season.
- Have belts and hoses inspected
- Inspect wipers and refill wiper fluid
- Check your car battery
Extreme temperatures can cause your vehicle’s battery to operate at less than 50 percent. If your battery is over three years old, have it tested.
- Check the antifreeze mixture
The ideal mixture of antifreeze and water in your radiator is 50:50. If this ratio is off, your vehicle will not perform as well.
- Place a roadside emergency supply kit in your car